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Princess Orange

See also princess of orange (by marriage)prince of orange (or princess of orange if the holder is female) is a title originally associated with the sovereign principality of orange, in what is now southern france. Coat of arms of the prince of orange (18151884)coat of armsof the counts of orange of the first house of orange. 1coat of armsof the citytown oforangein the vaucluse. They were granted to the city by the princes of orange of the house of des baux in the last quarter of the 12th century. 2the title prince of orange was created in 1163 by the emperor frederick barbarossa, by elevating the county of orange to a principality, in order to bolster his support in that area in his conflict with the papacy. The title and land passed to the french noble houses of baux, in 1173, and of chalons, in 1393, before arriving with rene of nassau in 1530. The principality then passed to a dutch nobleman, renes cousin william (known as the silent), in 1544. In 1702, after william iii of england died without children, a dispute arose between johan willem friso and frederick i of prussia. In 1713, under the treaty of utrecht3frederick william i of prussia ceded the principality of orange to king louis xiv of france (while retaining the title as part of his dynastic titulature). In 1732, under the treaty of partition,4 frisos son, william iv agreed to share use of the title prince of orange (which had accumulated prestige in the netherlands and throughout the protestant world) with frederick william i of prussia. 5 with the emergence of the kingdom of the netherlands, the title is traditionally borne by the heir apparent of the dutch monarch. Originally only worn by men, since 1983 the title descends via absolute primogeniture, which means that the holder can be either prince or princess of orange. The dutch royal dynasty, the house of orange-nassau, is not the only family to claim the dynastical title. Rival claims to the title have been made by german emperors and kings of the house of hohenzollern and by the head of the french noble family of mailly. The current users of the title are princess catharina-amalia of the netherlands (orange-nassau), georg friedrich (of hohenzollern), and guy (of mailly-nesle). 3 abolition of the principality, continuation of the title2 bearers of the title2. 3 house of châlon-arlay (also house of ivrea of anscarid dynasty)2. 4 house of bourbon3 princes of orange of the house of orange-nassau3. 3 arms4 see also5 references6 literature7 external linkscounty of orangeedit composite portrait of four generations of princes of orange william i (in role 15541584), maurice (16181625) and frederick henry (16251647), william ii (16471650), william iii (16501702) willem van honthorst, 1662the title originally referred to orange in the vaucluse department in the rhone valley of southern france, which was a property of the house of orange, then of the house of baux and the house of châlon-arlay before passing in 1544 to the house of orange-nassau. The principality originated as the county of orange, a fief in the holy roman empire, in the empires constituent kingdom of burgundy. It was awarded to william of gellone (born 755), a grandson of charles martel and therefore a cousin of charlemagne, around the year 800 for his services in the wars against the moors and in the reconquest of southern france and the spanish march. His occitan name is guilhem however, as a frankish lord, he probably knew himself by the old germanic version of wilhelm. William also ruled as count of toulouse, duke of aquitaine,citation needed and marquis of septimania. The horn that came to symbolize orange when heraldry came in vogue much later in the 12th century represented a pun on william of gellones name in french, from the character his deeds inspired in the chanson de geste, the chanson de guillaume guillaume au court-nez (william the short-nosed) or its homophone guillaume au cornet (william the horn). 6the chanson appears to incorporate material relating to william of gellones battle at the orbieu or orbiel river near carcassonne in 793 as well as to his seizure of the town of orange. 7principality of orangeeditas the kingdom of burgundy fragmented in the early middle ages, the holy roman emperor frederick i barbarossa elevated the lordship of orange to a principality in 1163 to shore up his supporters in burgundy against the pope and the king of france. As the empires boundaries retreated from those of the principality, the prince acceded to the sovereign rights that the emperor formerly exercised. 67 as william the silent wrote in his marriage proposal to the uncle of his second wife, the elector august of saxony, he held orange as my own free property, not as a fief of any suzerain neither the pope, nor the kings of spain or france. 89 that historical position of honor and reputation would later drive william the silent forward, as much as it also fueled the opposition of his great grandson william iii to louis xiv, when that king invaded and occupied orange. The last descendant of the original princes, rené of châlon, left the principality to his cousin william the silent, who was not a descendant of the original orange family but the heir to the principality of orange by testament, however in violation against the inheritance pattern enacted by the last will of marie des baux, the princess of orange through kinship to whom prince rené derived his own right thereto.  map of theprincipality of orangein the 16th century. In 1673, louis xiv of france annexed all territory of the principality to france and to the royal domain, as part of the war actions against the stadtholder william iii of orange who later became king william iii of great britain. Orange ceased to exist as a sovereign realm, de facto. In 1673, louis xiv bestowed the titular princedom on louis charles de mailly, marquis de nesle, whose wife was a direct descendant, and heiress-general by primogeniture, of the original princes of orange. 10after the marquis (who died in 1713), the next holder was louis of mailly-nesle fr, marquis de nesle (16891764). Although no longer descended from louis-charles, a branch of the mailly family still claims the title today. In 1714 louis xiv bestowed the usufruct of the principality on his kinsman, louis armand of bourbon, prince de conti. After his death in 1727 the principality was deemed merged in the crown by 1731. 11abolition of the principality, continuation of the titleeditbecause william iii died without legitimate children, the principality was regarded as having been inherited by his closest cognate relative on the basis of the testament of frederic-henry, frederick i of prussia, who ceded the principality at least the lands, but not the formal title to france in 1713. In this way, the territory of the principality lost its feudal and secular privileges and became a part of france. The treaty of utrecht allowed the king of prussia to erect part of the duchy of gelderland (the cities of geldern, straelen and wachtendonk with their bailiwicks, krickenbeck, viersen, the land of kessel, the lordships of afferden, arcen-velden-lomm, walbeck-twisteden, raay and klein-kevelaer, well, bergen and middelaar) into a new principality of orange. 13the kings of prussia and the german emperors styled themselves princes of orange till 1918.  a detailed map of the principality in the first half of the 17th century reproduced from the famous 1627 atlas of willem janszoon blaeu. The area of the principality was approximately 12 miles long by 9 miles wide, or 108 sq. 14an agnatic relative of william iii, john william friso of nassau, who was also cognatically descended from william the silent, was designated the heir to the princes of orange in the netherlands by the last will of william iii. They claim the principality of orange on the basis of agnatic inheritance, similar to that of william the silent, who had inherited orange from his cousin rené of châlon. They did however have a claim, albeit distant, to the principality itself due to john william frisos descent from louise de coligny, who was a descendant of the original princes of orange. (louises great grandmother, anne pot, countess of st. Pol, was a descendant of tiburge dorange, who married into the des baux family)they could also claim descent from the del balzo, an italian branch of the des baux family, via the marriage of princess anne to william iv, prince of orange. Anne was the eldest daughter of george ii of great britain, who was a descendant of elizabeth woodville, wife of edward iv of england. Elizabeth woodwilles grandmother was margherita del balzo, another descendant of tiburge dorange. They also claimed on the basis of the testament of philip william, maurice and william iii. Finally, they claimed on the basis that orange was an independent state whose sovereign had the right to assign his succession according to his will. France never recognized any of this, nor allowed the orange-nassaus or the hohenzollerns to obtain anything of the principality itself. The oranje-nassaus nevertheless assumed the title and also erected several of their lordships into a new principality of orange. 151617from that derivation of the title comes the tradition of the house of nassau-dietz, the later stadtholders of the netherlands, and the present-day royal family of the netherlands, of holding this title. They maintain the tradition of william the silent and the house of orange-nassau. There are two other 18claimants to this titlethe house of hohenzollern, who reigned in prussia until 1918the house of mailly-neslesas counts of orangeeditfirst house of orangeeditmain article genealogy of the first house of orangenonamepicturebirthbecame count(ess) of orangeceased to be count(ess)deathother titlesspouse1. Raimbaut iii of orangelord of aumelasnoneas sovereign prince of orangeedituntil 1340, it was customary for all sons of the prince of orange to inherit the title. Only the direct line of descent to raimond v is shown here. House of bauxeditthe house of baux succeeded to the principality of orange when bertrand of baux married the heiress of the last native count of orange, tiburge, daughter of william of orange, omelaz, and montpellier. Clarification needed their son was william i of baux-orange. Bertrand was the son of raymond of baux and stephanie of gevaudan. Stephanie was the younger daughter of gerberga, the heiress of the counts of provence. 6 for a genealogical table, see the reference cited19nonamepicturebirthcreated prince of orangeceased to be prince of orangedeathother titles while prince of orangeprincessoforange1. Prince bertrand i 111011151173after the death of his brother-in-law, raimbaut, count of orange, the county of orange was elevated to a principality in 1163 by the holy roman emperor frederick i. Clarification neededapriloctober 1180lord of bauxtibors de sarenombertrand i used as prince of orange the coat of arms of the house of baux a 16-pointed white star placed on a field of gules. Later on, the princes of orange quartered the legendary bugle-horn as a heraldic figure into their coat of arms. House of baux-orangeeditmain article genealogy of the house of orange-bauxnonamearmsbirthbecame prince of orangeceased to be prince of orangedeathother titles while prince of orangeprincessoforange2. Co-prince (with brothers) lord of baux1. 1 november 1239co-prince (with his brother) lord of bauxprécieuse4. 1 november 12391257co-prince (with his uncle) lord of bauxgiburg5. 1282co-prince (with his brother and nephew) lord of bauxmalberjone of aix6. 9 septemberlord of baux and condorcetanne of viennois8. 9 september 134010 february 1393lord of baux1. Princess mary 10 february 1393october 1417lady of arlay, cuiseaux, and vitteauxprince john ihouse of châlon-arlay (also house of ivrea of anscarid dynasty)editmain article genealogy of the house of orange-châlonthe lords of chalons and arlay were a cadet branch of the ruling house of the county of burgundy, the anscarids or house of ivrea. Nonamepicturearmsbirthbecame prince of orangeceased to be prince of orangedeathother titles while prince of orangeprincessoforange10. Prince john inone 10 february 1393october 14172 september 1418lord of arlay, cuiseaux and vitteauxprincess mary11. Prince louis inone 1390october 14173 december 1463lord of arlay, arguel, orbe, and echelens1. Prince william iinone 3 december 146327 september 1475lord of arlay and arguelcatherine of brittany13. Prince john iinone 144327 september 1475count of tonnerre lord of arlay, arguel and montfaucon admiral of guyenne1. Prince philibert  viceroy of naples prince of melfi duke of gravina count of tonnerre, charny, penthièvre viscount of besançon lord of arlay, nozeroy, rougemont, orgelet and montfaucon, lieutenant-general in the imperial army. No wifehouse of châlon-orangeeditrene inherited the principality of orange from his uncle philbert on the condition that he bear the name and arms of the house of châlon-orange. Therefore, he is usually counted as one of the châlon-orange and history knows him as rene of châlon, rather than of nassau. 6nonamepicturearmsbirthbecame prince of orangeceased to be prince of orangedeathother titles while prince of orangeprincessoforange15. Prince rené  5 february 151stadtholder of holland, zeeland, utrecht and guelders count of nassau, and vianden viscount of antwerp baron of breda, diest, herstal, warneton, beilstein, arlay, and nozeroy lord of dasburg, geertruidenberg, hooge en lage zwaluwe, klundert, montfort, naaldwijk, niervaart, polanen, steenbergen, bütgenbach, sankt vith, and besançon. Anna of lorrainehouse of orange-nassau (first incarnation)editmain article genealogy of the house of orange-nassauwilliam of nassau inherited the principality of orange from his cousin rené. Although william descended from no previous prince of orange, as rené had no children or siblings, he exercised his right as sovereign prince to will orange to his first cousin on his fathers side, who actually had no orange blood. Nonamepicturearmsbirthbecame prince of orangeceased to be prince of orangedeathother titles while prince of orangeprincessoforange16. 12021stadtholder of holland, zeeland, utrecht and friesland marquis of veere and vlissingen, count of nassau-dillenburg, katzenelnbogen, and vianden viscount of antwerp baron of breda, lands of cuijk, city of grave, diest, herstal, warneton, beilstein, arlay, and nozeroy lord of dasburg, geertruidenberg, hooge en lage zwaluwe, klundert, montfort, naaldwijk, niervaart, polanen, steenbergen, willemstad, bütgenbach, sankt vith, and besançon. Prince philip william  2219 december 155420 february 1618count of nassau-dillenburg, buren, leerdam, katzenelnbogen, and vianden viscount of antwerp baron of breda, cranendonck, lands of cuijk, eindhoven, city of grave, ijsselstein, diest, herstal, warneton, beilstein, arlay, and nozeroy lord of dasburg, geertruidenberg, hooge en lage zwaluwe, klundert, montfort, naaldwijk, niervaart, polanen, steenbergen, sint-maartensdijk, willemstad, bütgenbach, sankt vith, and besançon. Prince maurice  23242514 november 156720 february 1618stadtholder of holland, zeeland, utrecht, guelders, overijssel and groningen marquis of veere and vlissingen count of nassau-dillenburg, buren, leerdam, katzenelnbogen, and vianden viscount of antwerp baron of aggeris, breda, cranendonck, lands of cuijk, daesburg, eindhoven, city of grave, lek, ijsselstein, diest, grimbergen, herstal, warneton, beilstein, bentheim-lingen, moers, arlay, and nozeroy lord of dasburg, geertruidenberg, hooge en lage zwaluwe, klundert, montfort, naaldwijk, niervaart, polanen, steenbergen, sint-maartensdijk, willemstad, bütgenbach, sankt vith, and besançon. Prince frederick henry  1stadtholder of holland, zeeland, utrecht, guelders, and overijssel marquis of veere and vlissingen count of nassau-dillenburg, buren, leerdam, katzenelnbogen, and vianden viscount of antwerp baron of aggeris, breda, cranendonck, lands of cuijk, daesburg, eindhoven, city of grave, lek, ijsselstein, diest, grimbergen, herstal, warneton, beilstein, bentheim-lingen, moers, arlay, and nozeroy lord of dasburg, geertruidenberg, hooge en lage zwaluwe, klundert, montfort, naaldwijk, niervaart, polanen, steenbergen, sint-maartensdijk, willemstad, bütgenbach, sankt vith, and besançon. Prince william ii  16 november 1650stadtholder of holland, zeeland, utrecht, guelders and overijssel marquis of veere and vlissingen count of nassau-dillenburg, buren, leerdam, katzenelnbogen, and vianden viscount of antwerp baron of aggeris, breda, cranendonck, lands of cuijk, daesburg, eindhoven, city of grave, lek, ijsselstein, diest, grimbergen, herstal, warneton, beilstein, bentheim-lingen, moers, arlay, and nozeroy lord of dasburg, geertruidenberg, hooge en lage zwaluwe, klundert, montfort, naaldwijk, niervaart, polanen, steenbergen, sint-maartensdijk, turnhout, willemstad, zevenbergen, bütgenbach, sankt vith, and besançon. William iii  114 november 165014 november 165king of england, scotland, and ireland, stadtholder of holland, zeeland, utrecht, guelders, and overijssel marquis of veere and vlissingen count of nassau-dillenburg, buren, leerdam, katzenelnbogen, and vianden viscount of antwerp baron of aggeris, breda, cranendonck, lands of cuijk, daesburg, eindhoven, city of grave, lek, ijsselstein, diest, grimbergen, herstal, warneton, beilstein, bentheim-lingen, moers, arlay, and nozeroy lord of baarn, bredevoort, dasburg, geertruidenberg, hooge en lage zwaluwe, klundert, t loo, montfort, naaldwijk, niervaart, polanen, steenbergen, sint-maartensdijk, soest, ter eem, turnhout, willemstad, zevenbergen, bütgenbach, sankt vith, and besançon. Queen mary ii of englandtitle without territoryedithouse of orange-nassau (second incarnation)editthe 2nd house of orange-nassau (see house of orange-nassau family tree) were cousins on their father and mothers side of the 1st house. Head of houseeditnonamepicturearmsheir ofbirthbecame prince of orangeceased to be prince of orangedeathother titles while prince of orangeprincessoforange22. Prince john william friso  26william iiistadtholder of friesland and groningen fürst of nassau-dietz fürst of orange-nassau marquis of veere and vlissingen count of buren, leerdam, katzenelnbogen, spiegelberg, and vianden viscount of antwerp baron of aggeris, breda, cranendonck, lands of cuijk, daesburg, eindhoven, city of grave, lek, ijsselstein, diest, grimbergen, herstal, warneton, beilstein, arlay, and nozeroy hereditary lord of ameland lord of baarn, bredevoort, dasburg, geertruidenberg, hooge en lage zwaluwe, klundert, liesveld, t loo, montfort, naaldwijk, niervaart, polanen, steenbergen, sint-maartensdijk, soest, ter eem, turnhout, willemstad, zevenbergen, bütgenbach, sankt vith, and besançon. Prince william iv  prince john william friso1 september 1711general stadtholder of the united provinces fürst of orange-nassau marquis of veere and vlissingen count of buren, culemborg, leerdam, and vianden viscount of antwerp baron of aggeris, breda, cranendonck, lands of cuijk, daesburg, eindhoven, city of grave, lek, ijsselstein, diest, grimbergen, herstal, warneton, arlay, and nozeroy hereditary lord of ameland lord of baarn, bredevoort, dasburg, geertruidenberg, hooge en lage zwaluwe, klundert, liesveld, t loo, montfort, naaldwijk, niervaart, polanen, steenbergen, sint-maartensdijk, soest, ter eem, turnhout, willemstad, zevenbergen, bütgenbach, sankt vith, and besançon. Prince william v  prince william ivgeneral stadtholder of the united provinces fürst of orange-nassau marquis of veere and vlissingen count of buren, culemborg, leerdam, and vianden viscount of antwerp baron of aggeris, breda, cranendonck, lands of cuijk, daesburg, eindhoven, city of grave, lek, ijsselstein, diest, grimbergen, herstal, warneton, arlay, and nozeroy hereditary lord of ameland lord of baarn, bredevoort, borculo, dasburg, geertruidenberg, hooge en lage zwaluwe, klundert, lichtenvoorde, liesveld, t loo, montfort, naaldwijk, niervaart, polanen, steenbergen, sint-maartensdijk, soest, ter eem, turnhout, willemstad, zevenbergen, bütgenbach, sankt vith, and besançon. Prince william vilater william i  prince william vtitle dropped when invested as first king of the netherlandsfürst of orange-nassau marquis of veere and vlissingen count of buren, culemborg, leerdam, and vianden viscount of antwerp baron of aggeris, breda, cranendonck, lands of cuijk, daesburg, eindhoven, city of grave, lek, ijsselstein, diest, grimbergen, herstal, warneton, arlay, and nozeroy hereditary lord of ameland lord of baarn, bredevoort, borculo, geertruidenberg, hooge en lage zwaluwe, klundert, lichtenvoorde, liesveld, t loo, montfort, naaldwijk, niervaart, polanen, steenbergen, sint-maartensdijk, soest, ter eem, turnhout, willemstad, zevenbergen, bütgenbach, sankt vith, and besançon. Wilhelmine of prussianetherlands heir apparenteditnonamepicturearmsheir ofbirthbecame heir to the crowncreated prince(ss) of orangeceased to be prince(ss) of orangedeathother titles while prince(ss) of orangespouse26. Prince williamlater william ii  2728william i6 december 1792fathers accession as kingbecame kingprince of the netherlands, prince of orange-nassaugrand duchess anna pavlovna of russia27. Prince williamlater william iii  2728william ii19 february 181fathers accession as kingbecame king23 november 1890prince of the netherlands, prince of orange-nassauprincess sophie of württemberg28. Prince william  2728william iii4 september 1840fathers accession as kingprince of the netherlands, prince of orange-nassaunone29. Prince alexander  2728 brothers deathprince of the netherlands, prince of orange-nassaunone30. Prince willem-alexanderlater willem-alexander29  beatrix mothers accession as queen regnantbecame kingprince of the netherlands, prince of orange-nassau, jonkheer van amsbergprincess mxima of the netherlands31. Princess catharina-amalia30  willem-alexander7 december 2003 fathers accession as kingincumbentprincess of the netherlands, princess of orange-nassauhouse of hohenzollerneditfrederick i of prussia (17021713), a senior descendant in female line from william the silent, who ceded his claims to the lands of orange to france in 1713, and his descendants, but kept his right to use the title. House of maillyeditlouis de mailly, marquis de nesle et de mailly, appointed by the french king, and his descendants, descended through another line of the house of chalons-arlay, currently guy, marquis de nesle et de mailly, prince dorange. House of bourboneditlouis armand ii, prince of conti, appointed by the french king, and his descendants, the princes of conti becoming extinct in 1815. Historical backgroundeditwilliam the silent (willem i) was the first stadtholder of the dutch republic and the most significant representative of the house of orange in the netherlands. He was count of a portion of the german territory of nassau and heir to some of his fathers fiefs in holland. William obtained more extensive lands in the netherlands (the lordship of breda and several other dependencies) as an inheritance from his cousin rené of châlon, prince of orange, when william was only 11 years old. After williams assassination in 1584, the title passed to his son philip william (who had been held hostage in spain until 1596), and after his death in 1618, to his second son maurice, and finally to his youngest son, frederick henry. The title of prince of orange became associated with the stadtholder of the netherlands. William iii (willem iii) was also king of england, scotland and ireland, and his legacy is commemorated annually by the protestant orange order. Williams mother, mary, was the daughter of king charles i of england and therefore a princess of england as well as princess of orange by marriage. William iii and mary ii had no legitimate children. After williams death in 1702, his heir in the netherlands was john william friso of nassau-diez, who assumed the title, king william having bequeathed it to him by testament. The other contender was the king in prussia, who based his claim to the title on the will of frederick henry, william iiis grandfather. Eventually, a compromise was reached by which both families were entitled to bear the title of prince of orange. By then, it was no more than a title because the principality had been annexed by louis xiv of france. Frisos line held it as their principal title during the 18th century. The french army expelled them from the netherlands in 1795, but on their return, the prince of orange became the first sovereign of the netherlands in 1813. After the establishment of the current kingdom of the netherlands in 1815, the title was partly reconstitutionalized by legislation and granted to the eldest son of king william i of the netherlands, prince william, who later became william ii of the netherlands. Since 1983, the heir to the dutch throne, whether male or female, bears the title prince or princess of orange. 31 the first-born child of the heir to the dutch throne bears the title hereditary prince(ss) of orange. 32 when her father willem-alexander became king of the netherlands following the abdication of queen beatrix, princess catharina-amalia became the princess of orange. Styleeditthe prince(ss) of orange is styled hisher royal highness the prince(ss) of orange (dutch zijnehare koninklijke hoogheid de prins(es) van oranje). During the 15th, 16th and 17th centuries, the prince(ss) of orange was styled hisher highness the prince(ss) of orange (dutch zijnehare hoogheid de prins(es) van oranje), except for william iii, who rated the royalkoninklijke. Armseditthe princes of orange in the 16th and 17th century used the following sets of arms. On becoming prince of orange, william placed the châlon-arlay arms in the center (as an inescutcheon) of his fathers arms. He used these arms until 1582 when he purchased the marquisate of veere and vlissingen. He then used the arms attributed to frederick henry, etc. With the arms of the marquisate in the top center, and the arms of the county of buren in the bottom center. 20 their growing complexity shows how arms are used to reflect the growing political position and royal aspirations of the house of orange-nassau.  coat of arms of rené of châlon as prince of orange. 1  coat of arms of william the silent as prince of orange until 1582 and his eldest son philip william33  the coat of arms used by maurice showing the county of moers (top left center and bottom right center) and his mothers arms of saxony (center) 12425  the coat of arms used by william the silent after 1582, frederick henry, william ii, and william iii as prince of orange33  an alternate coat of arms sometimes used by frederick henry, william ii, and william iii as prince of orange showing the county of moers in the top center rather than veere. 34when william vi of orange returned to the netherlands in 1813 and was proclaimed sovereign prince of the netherlands, he quartered the former arms of the dutch republic (1st and 4th quarter) with the châlon-orange arms (2nd and 3rd quarter), which had come to symbolize orange. As an in escutcheon he placed his ancestral arms of nassau. When he became king in 1815, he combined the dutch republic lion with the billets of the nassau arms and added a royal crown to form the coat of arms of the netherlands. In the 19th century, the dutch crown prince, who holds the title prince of orange (prins van oranje), and his son, who holds the title hereditary prince of orange (erfprins van oranje) had their own pre-defined arms. The house of orange, now the royal house of the netherlands, and their descendants the house of orange-nassau, kept this title for their family. Wilhelmina further decreed that in perpetuity her descendants should be styled princes and princesses of orange-nassau and that the name of the house would be orange-nassau (in dutch oranje-nassau). Since then, individual members of the house of orange-nassau are also given their own arms by the reigning monarch, similar to the united kingdom. This is usually the royal arms, quartered with the arms of the principality of orange, and an in escutcheon of their paternal arms. 35 arms of william vi as sovereign prince of the netherlands. 36  arms of the dutch crown prince, the prince of orange in the 19th century. 3738  arms of the son of the dutch crown prince in the 19th century, who also held the title of hereditary prince of orange. 3940 juliana of the netherlands & oranje-nassau personal arms  beatrix of the netherlands & oranje-nassau personal arms  william alexander of the netherlands and oranje-nassau personal arms  sons of princess margriet of the netherlands, pieter van vollenhoven 41as a former territory of the holy roman empire, the princes of orange used an independent princes crown. Sometimes, only the coronet part was used (see, here and here). After the establishment of the kingdom of the netherlands, they used the dutch royal crowns princely hat  princely crown  crown for a prince or princess of the netherlands  crown of a prince or princess of orange-nassau (heraldic)list of heirs to the dutch throne a b c d e f g rietstap, johannes baptist (1861). Armorial général, contenant la description des armoiries des familles nobles et patriciennes de leurope précédé dun dictionnaire des termes du blason. The opposition to the 8th and 9th articles of the commercial treaty of utrecht. Treaty between prussia and orange-nassau, berlin, 1732. Part 1 de verdeling van de nalatenschap van willem iii. Een uitzonderlijke erfgenaam de verdeling van de nalatenschap van koning-stadhouder willem ii en een consequentie daarvan pruisisch heerlijk gezag in hooge en lage zwaluwe, 17021754 (1st ed. Cs1 maint location (link) geneviève hasenohr and michel zink, ed. The princes of orange the stadholders in the dutch republic. William i to elector august i of saxony, (18351915). Archives ou correspondance inedite de la maison dorange-nassau. Histoire de la principauté dorange  suivie de lettres inédites des princes dorange, des rois de france, du cte de grignan, etc. Histoire de la principauté dorange  suivie de lettres inédites des princes dorange, des rois de france, du cte de grignan, etc. Traité de paix dutrecht entre louis xiv et frédéric-guillaume, roi de prusse. Traité de paix dutrecht entre louis xiv et frédéric-guillaume, roi de prusse peace treaty of utrecht between louis xiv and frédéric-guillaume, king of prussia. Cs1 maint uses authors parameter (link) velde, françois. Treaty between prussia and orange-nassau, berlin, 1732. Preussens staatsvertraege aus der regierungzzeit könig friedrich wilhelms i. Treaty between prussia and orange-nassau, berlin, 1732 (in french). Histoire de la principauté dorange  suivie de lettres inédites des princes dorange, des rois de france, du cte de grignan, etc. The princes of orange the stadholders in the dutch republic. The official website of the dutch royal house in english, see tour of noordeinde palace, royal archives, front entrance hall. Armorial général, contenant la description des armoiries des familles nobles et patriciennes de leurope précédé dun dictionnaire des termes du blason. Philip william used his fathers original arms rietstap, johannes baptist (1861). Armorial général, contenant la description des armoiries des familles nobles et patriciennes de leurope précédé dun dictionnaire des termes du blason. A la exception de celebre prince maurice qui portai les armes. Wapenbord van prins maurits met het devies van de engelse orde van de kouseband. Exhibit of a painted woodcut of maurices arms encircled by the order of the garter in the rijksmuseum, amsterdam. Coat of arms as depicted on the familiegraf van de oranje-nassaus in de grote of jacobijnerkerk te leeuwarden. Familiegraf van de oranje-nassaus in de grote of jacobijnerkerk te leeuwarden. De prins van oranje gevierendeeld 1 en 4 het koninklijke wapen 2 en 3 nogmaals gevierendeeld van rood met een gouden schuinbalk, en van goud met een blaauwen, rood-gesnoerden en beslagen jagthoorn, benevens een hartschildje op het snijpunt, beladen met vijf gouden vakken grenzende aan vier blaauewe. In nederland voert de prins van oranje het koninklijk wapen gekwartileerd met dat van oranje-chalons. Website dutch royal house on willem-alexander archived at the wayback machine website dutch royal house on catharina-amalia archived at the wayback machine de prins van oranje. Sinds de inhuldiging van de koningin op eeft prins willem-alexander de titel prins van oranje. Deze titel is voorbehouden aan de troonopvolger van de koning(in). In english since the inauguration of the queen on , prince willem-alexander the title of prince of orange. This title is reserved to the heir to the throne of the king (queen). Prinses catharina-amalia is de tweede in de lijn van troonopvolging. Als haar vader koning wordt, krijgt zij als vermoedelijke troonopvolger de titel prinses van oranje. In english princess catharina-amalia is the second in line of succession to the throne. When her father is king, she becomes, as heir apparent, princess of orange. Coat of arms as depicted in begraeffenisse van syne hoogheyt frederick hendrick. Coats of arms of the dutch royal family, website of the dutch monarchy, the hague. Dazur, semé de billettes dor au lion dor, armé et lampassé de gueules, brochant sur le tout (maison de nassau)  ii, dor, au léopard lionné de gueules, arméc ouronné et lampassé dazur (katzenelnbogen)  iii, de gueules à la fasce dargent (vianden)  iv, de gueules à deux lions passant lun sur lautre  sur-le-tout écartelé, aux i et iv de gueules, à la bande dor (châlon), et aux ii et iii dor, au cor de chasse dazur, virolé et lié de gueules (orange)  sur-le-tout-du-tout de cinq points dor équipolés à quatre dazur (genève)  un écusson de sable à la fasce dargent brochant en chef (marquis de flessingue et veere) un écusson de gueules à la fasce bretessée et contre-bretessée dargent brochant en pointe (buren) rietstap, johannes baptist (1875). De prins van oranje gevierendeeld 1 en 4 het koninklijke wapen 2 en 3 nogmaals gevierendeeld van rood met een gouden schuinbalk, en van goud met een blaauwen, rood-gesnoerden en beslagen jagthoorn, benevens een hartschildje op het snijpunt, beladen met vijf gouden vakken grenzende aan vier blaauewe. In nederland voert de prins van oranje het koninklijk wapen gekwartileerd met dat van oranje-chalons. De erfprins van oranje, casu quo gelijk de prins van oranje, met een rooden barensteel over de beide eerste kwartieren heen. Behalve de erfprins die s vaders wapen met een barensteel breekt. Bij ons vorstenhuis is die barenstell altijk van keel. Article on maurits van vollenhoven, 1028. Rowen, the princes of orange the stadholders in the dutch republic. Cambridge and new york cambridge university press, 1988. John lothrop motley, history of the united netherlands from the death of william the silent to the synod of dort. John lothrop motley, the life and death of john of barenvelt. New york & london harper and brothers publishing, 1900. Petrus johannes blok, history of the people of the netherlands. Reina van ditzhuyzen, het huis van oranje prinsen, stadhouders, koningen en koninginnen.